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Photo Essay: A Day in the Sulfur Mines of Kawah Ijen


At the eastern end of the island of Java lies the active volcano of Kawah Ijen. Here men work in perilous conditions to extract suffer from the bottom of the caldera.

Ceramic pipes funnel the sulfur until it condenses and solidifies into pools that can be broken up.

The miners carry these loads of solidified sulfur, weighing 150 to 200 pounds, up and out of the crater on a steep loose three mile trail to the weigh station.

Most workers develop respiratory problems from the noxious gases and disfigure their bodies from the heavy loads.

All this for five dollars a day, ten if they can take two trips.

About the photographer: Troyce Hoffman is a Northern California based photographer specializing in documentary based assignments. You can find more of his work on his website, Behance, and Instagram.