The ISS is About to Receive its Highest Resolution Camera Ever

The International Space Station

A state-of-the-art, high-resolution camera system has been sent to the International Space Station (ISS) where it is set to be operated for 60 days to help shape plans for a new, ultra-high-resolution camera system that is currently in development.

The actual specifications of the camera have not been released (other than the statement that it is the most advanced, highest resolution camera that has ever been sent to the ISS), but the footage this camera system will capture will be used inside of a new massive venue called the MSG Sphere.

The MSG Sphere — operated by Madison Square Garden Entertainment (MSG) — is a new entertainment medium and “multisensory platform” designed to deliver “immersive experiences at an unparalleled scale” that is set to open in Las Vegas at The Venetian in 2023.

Once complete, it will be the largest spherical structure in the world with an exterior exosphere that features a fully-programmable 580,000 square-foot LED display and the largest LED screen on Earth. A quarter-scale example of this massive sphere is currently sitting at the company’s headquarters in Burbank.

Inside, the venue will house the world’s highest resolution LED screen: a 160,000 square-foot display plane that will wrap up, over, and behind the audience at a resolution over 80 times that of a high-definition television with approximately 17,500 seats and a scalable capacity up to 20,000 guests.

MSG Sphere
A rendering of the MSG Sphere.

“Our vision with MSG Sphere is to create immersive experiences that transport audiences to new places, and there are few landscapes more awe-inspiring than space,” Andrew Shulkind, MSG Sphere Studios’ Senior Vice President of Capture and Innovation, says.

MSG Sphere
A rendering of what the inside of the MSG Sphere will look like.

“The insights and imagery we gain from this first mission will be invaluable to prepare our groundbreaking camera technology for working in space, and push our collective understanding of Earth and deep space. We are thrilled to be collaborating with Nanoracks, CASIS and NASA on this project, which we believe will not only benefit the extraordinary vision of MSG Sphere, but also set a new bar for ultra-high-fidelity imaging.”

In order to create content for this massive entertainment venture, the company needed to develop custom content creation tools, including camera and lens technology capable of producing ultra-high-resolution images. To that end, MSG partnered with Nanoracks, LLC, a Voyager Space company, to send state-of-the-art immersive camera equipment to the International Space Station (ISS) aboard Northrop Grumman’s 18th Commercial Resupply Services mission (NG-18), which took off from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia yesterday.

A Northrop Grumman Antares rocket, with the company’s Cygnus spacecraft onboard, launched at 5:32 a.m. EST, Monday, Nov. 7, 2022, from the Mid Atlantic Regional Spaceport’s Pad-0A, at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. Northrop Grumman’s 18th contracted cargo resupply mission with NASA to the International Space Station will deliver more than 8,000 pounds of science and research, crew supplies and vehicle hardware to the orbital laboratory and its crew. The CRS-18 Cygnus spacecraft is named after the first American woman in space, Sally Ride. | Photo Credit: NASA/Terry Zaperach

Capture and technology teams from MSG’s Sphere Studios are set to collaborate with Nanoracks and the Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) — which manages the ISS National Lab — to work with astronauts on the space station across three missions to validate custom camera technology being developed for the state-of-the-art MSG Sphere venues.

The coordination of this endeavor means that it’s not just MSG that will benefit. The ISS National Lab is working together with NASA to maximize the utilization of what MSG is characterizing as an “orbiting laboratory” that will bring value through space-based research and technology demonstrations. Nanoracks installed and manages the first commercial airlock on the ISS and is designing a commercial space station to succeed the ISS after it is decommissioned. Nanoracks is certifying the camera for in-space use, integrating the camera for launch and will facilitate operations on the ISS to test MSG Sphere’s capture technology.

Image credits: Images provided courtesy of MSG Sphere. Header image courtesy of NASA Johnson.