Manufacturers Need to Stop Making New USB 3.2 2×2 SSDs: It Isn’t Helpful

USB 3.2 Gen 2x2 SSDs

A couple of companies have released new SSD products in the last few months and they carry one commonality: USB 3.2 2×2. They shouldn’t, because all it does is overstate the performance a vast majority of users will ever see.

On paper, USB 3.2 Gen 2×2, sounds like a great idea (outside of the overly complicated name): it’s faster and backward compatible with USB 3.2, so even if you don’t have the new format, it will play nice with basically every new computer out there right now.

“USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 is a multi-lane operation for new hosts and devices, allowing for up to two lanes of 10 Gbps operation to realize a theoretical 20Gbps data transfer rate,” Kingston explains.

Earlier this year, Crucial entered the portable SSD space with its X10 and aimed its sights squarely at Samsung, promising faster speeds, lower operating temperatures, and a smaller footprint. Samsung didn’t wait long to respond, however, and just announced the T9.

“The Crucial X10 Pro SSD uses USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 technology to deliver 2,100 MB/s read speeds and 2,000 MB/s write speeds,” I wrote in my launch story for the SSD last July.

“The T9 promises up to 2,000 MB/s transfer speeds when using its USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 interface, nearly double the theoretical max speed of the T7,” Jeremy Gray explained when Samsung announced the new SSD earlier this month.

Samsung T9 SSD Review
Samsung T9 SSD

The key data point there is the requirement of USB 3.2 Gen 2×2. While yes, it is supported by some modern computers, it’s not common. For photographers, many of whom are using Apple computers, it’s even rarer. Apple only put the ability to take advantage of this format on one computer — in one USB-C port — from before the transition to its own silicon. Instead, Apple decided to jump up and support USB 4.0, even though it was far from being mainstream, since it would be a lot better and far more future-proof.

Seeing USB 3.2 Gen 2×2 on new SSDs is really disappointing for a number of reasons. For one, it’s a format that has already been left behind and is currently being replaced by USB 4.0 — ProGrade just launched a new card reader that works on the specification and it’s great. The other problem is that it’s, unfortunately, misleading to a consumer.

While technically true, these new SSDs from Samsung and Crucial can get up to above 2,000 MB/s speeds, the likelihood of a buyer actually experiencing those speeds is pretty low. In truth, they’ll see less than half that: the Samsung tested at 905 MB/s write speeds and the Crucial clocked in at 845.1 MB/s. Don’t get me wrong, that’s very fast for a non-Thunderbolt drive, but that’s nowhere near where either brand advertises.

So why did Samsung and Crucial go with a format that almost no computer supports and no new computer is getting? Well, because they can get access to the parts.

crucial ssd
Crucial X10 Pro SSD

“The chips for USB 4.0 were not readily available until now. Even now, they are very limited. We started working on this awhile ago so that we could be early to the market and we secured supply for launch and beyond. 2×2 is 20Gbps — half of USB 4.0 — so some may have introduced 2×2 as an interim step until USB 4.0 became available,” Mark Lewis, Vice President Marketing and Co-founder of ProGrade Digital, tells me.

“Since Apple has been shipping USB 4.0 devices for some time now, it was natural for us to bypass 2×2 and wait to launch USB 4.0 since we think that will be the long-term future.”

Even if they are obtainable, USB 4.0 chips aren’t easy to get in large orders if your name isn’t Apple. So, in order to sell faster SSDs, manufacturers are going with a format they actually have access to even if it’s not realistically faster for users.

Is it fast enough for most workflows? Sure. Is it fast enough that most won’t notice? Definitely. But that’s not the point.

I advocate that these companies just wait until the right parts are available before launching a product that will be obsolete very soon — it’s arguably obsolete now. I know that’s not reasonable for a company all the time, but it would be nice if customers could just trust the numbers they see on a box rather than have to know the complex nature of USB formats and names in order to get what they’re promised and not feel misled.

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