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How to Print Your Photos Onto Wood

woodphoto

Photographs printed onto wood are hangable, durable, and sustainable. The technique I use at Wood Craft Photos involves printing the image onto a special film, preparing a wood panel with custom gel medium, and then combining, leaving the wood grain in the light colored areas of the image showing through.

Here’s a step-by-step tutorial on how you can use this process yourself for beautiful wood prints.

Materials

  • Baltic birch panel at least the intended size of your photo (smaller is ok if you’re willing to crop) or bamboo or maple
  • Digital image to print
  • Gel transfer medium
  • Inkjet printer with pigment ink (there is a dye method, I haven’t used it)
  • Transfer transparencies
  • High quality paintbrush (so no hairs easily come out) or small foam paint roller
  • Brayer
  • Spoon
  • Very fine, sharp needle
  • 150 or 220 grit sandpaper
  • Sanding block
  • 91% isopropyl alcohol
  • Tack cloth
  • Krylon or similar UV overcoat (glossy or matte)
  • Scotch tape
  • Watch, clock or stopwatch (something that counts in seconds)
  • Goggles with good coverage for sanding/routing
  • A face mask for when using the alcohol mix.

Optional

Step 1: Mix your gel

Step1 copy

I use DASS Supersauce. They make corresponding transfer films as well, but most are interchangeable with the exception of Kimoto Silkjet. This is for dye based inkjet printers. This takes 4 hours to formulate once mixed, so it’s best to do it first. Using the instruction, mix the alcohol and the gel mix together in a glass jar.

Do not use plastic and do not use something intended to eat out of (I use mason jars). Shake it gently and set in a cool spot, out of the sunlight.

Step 2: Picking a photo

It has to be a digital image. If you have a film image, Polaroid or printed photograph, you’ll have to scan them before you can work with them using my technique. Not every photo works well. I can print any photo, but some work better than others. Photos with plenty of highlights are best as the less ink there is, the more the wood shows through. This doesn’t mean you can’t do a dark photo- someone with dark skin and visible eyes would work- the eyes would retain the texture and quality of the wood, while the skin would retain some texture, but not as prominently.

Step 3: Picking a wood panel

Step3 copy

Pick a panel that doesn’t have any little cracks or divots, no rough knots either. AA grade Baltic Birch is what I use, and I hand pick them at my local supplier. I also use wood certified by the Forest Stewardship Council to ensure sustainability.

It should be as light and white as possible. While most wood is decidedly less white than off white canvas, every little bit helps. This will ensure your colors relate to each other as they normally do on screen. We can correct the rest with an ICC profile. You should also find the dimensions of your photo in inches or cm and measure the panel. You may have to either cut the panel to fit exactly (best to make it a few millimeters smaller in both directions than your photo) or if your photo is bigger than your panel, accept that some cropping will occur.

Step 4: Finish your panel

It needs to be very smooth. Using 150-250 grit sandpaper, go over the surface you’re going to print on several times with a sanding block, or a few times with a hand sander. I use the sander for two reasons- it’s more even and I make a lot of these. Sand with the grain of the wood, never against it.

Step 5: Prepare your panel for hanging

Step5A copy

This is important as it’s hard to prepare the panel to hang if the image is already on it.

Step5B copy

I use a router with a keyhole bit. You can use a router guide to carve a horizontal notch all the way through the panel, or if you’d rather preserve the edges to be uninterrupted, you can use a plunge router (I use a plunge router). If you don’t have a router and your panel is light enough, you can use Gorilla Glue to attach picture hanging hooks.

Step 6: Clean it the panel

Step6 copy

Use a tack cloth to brush off all of the saw dust, this is very important. I use a vacuum and then tack cloth and then a slightly damp kitchen towel.

Step 7: Insert your transparencies

Make sure you know which side your printer prints on when a paper is inserted. These transparencies have only one printable side. On the bright side, you’ll know if you got it wrong before applying to wood as the ink will be runny. The correct side to print on has slightly raised bumps and is often tacky if you lick a thumb and press it to a corner of the sheet. They have a special film on one side that grips ink in a certain way to make it easy to transfer.

Step 8: Print your image

Reverse it, especially if it has words visible in it. Use “Photoshop chooses colors” for printing profiles. Select an ICC profile for canvas, as canvas is often off-white and that’ll help the colors match the wood well. It also means the print heads will be slightly higher, which gives enough room for the thick sheets to travel through.

Once the sheet is printed, don’t allow anything to touch it for at least 3 minutes, as the ink is curing to the special film on the transparency.

Step 9: Registration

This term comes from silk screen printers. It refers to how squarely your design is setting onto the target medium. I have glued an L-bracket to my work bench and I put my panel in the corner. I then gently lay the transparency special film side down on the panel. I use scotch tape to tape the edge of the sheet to the table and flip it back. This will ensure that when I flip it forward onto the panel later, it will lay down exactly as I intend.

Step 10: Coating

Step9 copy

Using the gel medium mix, evenly and thickly coat the panel. Either a paintbrush or foam roller will work. Do NOT clean these with water. Use 91% isopropyl alcohol instead. Water clots the mix. It shouldn’t be too thick, but it’s not a light coat either. No part of the panel should be dry or nearly dry when you’re done. It’s far worse to undercoat than overcoat.

Step 11: Applying

Step10 copy

As soon as you’re done coating, roll the sheet onto the panel, from the closest edge to the furthest. Use a brayer to help you smoothly roll it on without any air bubbles. If you lay it down and there’s an air bubble, the coating reacts quick enough that you can’t do anything about it.

Step 12: Wait 3 minutes

Step 13: Peeling

Step12 copy

After 3 minutes I run my finger around the edge of the panel and then peel from the side you laid down first. go very slowly and use a spoon to gently rub the area of the transparency just after the peeling edge. Don’t rush it as the ink may cling to the transparency, pulling up and ripping.

Step12B copy

If too much ink is sticking to the transparency when you lift, press it back down, rub gently over the area and try lifting from another edge. Sometimes little bubbles of ink are on the surface. The best way to take care of these is using the needle, carefully pop them. If it’s a medium sized bubble, don’t pop it in the middle, but on the edge of the bubble.

Step 14: Drying

Let this dry for 2-3 days, as it needs to fully dry *and* cure. Make sure it’s in a room as free of dust and hair as possible.

Step 15: Finishing

After done drying, gently blow any collected dust on it off, take it outside and lay it on newspaper or wax paper. Spray evenly with a Krylon UV coat. Do this 2-3 times.

Some people like the look of Modge Podge. After 2 hours of drying from the Krylon, you can brush Modge Podge onto it to give a decoupage look.


About the author: Jason Land is the photographer behind Wood Craft Photos. Land is attempting to go independent with his wood photo printing, and is currently in the process of raising funds for the business through Kickstarter. If you found this tutorial helpful, please consider supporting his efforts. This post was originally published here.


 
 
  • JoeNoName

    Id love yo know the name of many of those products in spanish so I can purchase them.

  • Jason Land

    La mayoría de las cosas son marcas, tal como DASS Supersuace (gel medium), Krylon (UV overcoat) y Modge Podge (coating). El material genérico es:: brayer = rodillo, sand paper = papel de lija, 91% alcohol isopropílico, acicula y un reloj. La mayoría de las cosas son fáciles de traducir con el traductor Google.

  • Jason Land

    I’ve seen those before and it’s somewhat similar, though much, much harder on the hands. And less reproducible.

  • http://www.facebook.com/nathanblaney Nathan Blaney

    I’ve done this quite a bit with my students. Comes out pretty nicely. https://www.woodsnap.com does the best job around though.

  • http://www.facebook.com/philiphan Philip Han

    If you have access to instant film you can do a Polaroid Lift.

  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=589132353 Mauricio Andres Ramirez Lozada

    Pero hay cosas como el “Gel medium” que, aunque no es una marca, no se consigue de esa manera en habla hispana. De que otra manera se puede conseguir?

  • DafOwen

    Excellent.
    Last couple of years I’v given friends a little fridge magnet photo frame and one of my pics for their Birthday. Recently run out of frames – may go to this.
    Will have to investigate brans in the UK

  • http://www.facebook.com/ian.bracegirdle Ian Bracegirdle

    We print directly onto wood or most other mediums up to 40mm thick. Rough unplaned wood looks brilliant with certain images.

  • JoeNoName

    gel medium, asi se llama. buscalo en una tienda, ya encontré en argentina. y mod podge tambien se llama así. Aunque hay barniz, el mod podge lo podes encontrar.

  • FlintW

    What does “after the peeling edge” mean?
    “use a spoon to gently rub the area of the transparency just –after the peeling edge–”
    Is the spoon rubbing down on the transparency ahead of where you are peeling it off to help press the image down or up against the transparency to help lift it evenly as you pull it off?

  • DafOwen

    What’s the difference (in terms of result) between this method (using a gel medium) and water slide decal ?

  • Elizabeth B

    Hello!

    Great tutorial that I hope to be able to execute accurately for my own personal photographic interests, but I do have one question.

    With the transfer film can I use normal transparent T-Shirt transfers and go about the process as explained here and get the same results? Or is there some other special film I need to get this effect? I’m very specifically wanting the wood grain to show through the highlights, and I’m afraid if I try the other method of ironing on the design the whites will cover up the underlying texture.

    Please, if possible, could you reply to me as soon as possible through e-mail? I’m wanting to have this completed within the week for a photo-series I’m presenting soon. My e-mail is [email protected]

    Thanks!

  • wishinghand

    I haven’t tried water slide. Never heard of it until now. You’d have to make sure you get a transparent decal and print non-reverse.

  • E

    Could you do this on glass?

  • James

    What style of printer do you use for this?

  • Battlespeed

    I noticed this too. You’re rubbing ON THE TRANSFER, just AHEAD of where it’s lifting up (not AFTER).

  • emjaysea

    I’ve tried t-shirt transfer paper on wood many times, with mixed results, and there are so many variables, from type of wood to iron temp, to length of time spent ironing, to type of t-shirt transfer, that it’s very difficult to figure out what is going wrong with those that aren’t working.

    To answer your question, though, inkjet printers don’t print white and rely on the white paper instead. That means that any whites or light colors transferred to wood will show the grain through, because not much ink (or none at all in the case of pure white) is being used in those areas. Dark areas use lots of dark ink and so end up blocking out the grain.

  • emjaysea

    Go to the DASS site and you may be able to find out. More likely, though, you’ll have to buy her book on the process, which I hate about the DASS makers as they seem intent on squeezing every last dime out of you that they can.

  • emjaysea

    The water slide decals transfer a thin transparent sheet with the print on it to the wood. That thin transparent sheet leaves an outline around the art. It’s not incredibly noticeable unless you’re looking right at it in good light. The DASS process transfers the ink itself and so leaves no outline.