I’m photographer Jay P. Morgan from The Slanted Lens. In this video and article we’re going to take a look at why a 50mm lens is the only lens you need for landscape photography.
You might wonder why I say that? Well, when I was shooting with Cheyne Walls, who is an excellent landscape photographer, he only shot with a 50mm equivalent on his Alpa 12 TC and PhaseOne Back.
I wondered, “Why do you only shoot with a 50mm lens?” Well, here are the reasons why he shoots about 90% of his images with a 50mm lens.
First, it’s sharper. It’s a fixed focal length lens. It has a great fast aperture if you get a good 50mm. It’s going to give you the same normal view that your eye sees. It’s lightweight, so you can carry it with you. It gives you the ability to move around. It makes you look and study your composition.
The most important reason is because you can stitch your images together and give yourself a beautiful large canvas print with great detail by stitching images together.
That’s what Cheyne Walls does. He doesn’t just shoot a single 50mimage. Just about every time he shoots three images. He shoots middle, right, and left. Or he shoots middle, up, and down. And he shoots a beautiful stitched image that he’ll put together later in Photoshop.
There’s a reason why shooting the 3 images and stitching them together is such an important thing. It gives you a different perspective than, say, a 24mm. When you’re shooting these three image sequences, it doesn’t distort the view when you shoot up, middle and down, because you’re giving it all a 50mm normal view in each one of those angles.
When you stitch those together, it’s as if you’re looking at that from the same 50mm normal eye view of each one of those images. And now when you put them together, it gives you a very nice perspective of that scene.
A 50mm shooting in three pieces gives you a curved plain view because your camera is centered and then you turn over to the left and the right. Those three normal views stitched together give you a normal curve view perspective of the scene, and they look fabulous. A wide-angle lens works on a flat plane view to give you a larger vista. Now you can say, “I love the wide-angle view, this is what I like”. That’s fine if that’s the direction you want to go, but I think stitching the 50mm images together gives you incredible landscape photography.
That’s why I think a 50mm lens is the only lens you really need when you’re doing landscape photography.
If you like this stuff, you should check out Cheyne Wall’s landscape photography course in which he talks about everything he does to be able to get great landscapes, from his camera setup to the way he meters.
The cylindrical perspective works a little better with things that are a bit further away from you.
You can have things like in Death Valley shot of sand dunes, where the sand is coming right up to you. That’s okay. You can have perspective in the foreground, that pushes out to the background.
It’s just a matter of sometimes a little more distance is going to make that cylindrical perspective look really good. If you have things really close to you that you really want to be a part of the image, you might need to go to a linear perspective to be able to get that.
For most of the things I’m shooting, I think that a cylindrical perspective looks great.
Another quick tip, when I’m going to stitch images together, I always do the first shot with my hand in front of the lens. Then I know that the next three images or four images go together.
The last thing I do is I’m going to photograph my hand at the end of the series. Now I’m going to take those four images and I’m going to stitch them together.
I also do not leave it on any kind of autofocus function because it’s going to change a little bit. I focus the first one. Then I make sure it is on manual focus if I started off using autofocus for the first image. Then I leave it on manual for the rest of the series.
Remember, you don’t have to shoot this panoramic always in a horizontal fashion. If you are in too close, just take this camera, drop it to the side and do the images as vertical images. Now make sure you shoot plenty of images so they stitch together correctly. Now you can have a much taller view because if you’re in too tight, you’re not going to be able to see the whole scene unless you go vertical. That works great.
So there you go. Get out there and shoot some cylindrical perspective landscape images, stitch them together and see what you think. I think you’re going to like it.
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About the author: Jay P. Morgan is a commercial photographer with over two decades of experience in the industry. He teaches photography through his company, The Slanted Lens, which runs a popular YouTube channel. This review was also published here.