I imagine, almost everyone interested in photography has seen the stunning pictures created with a technique called light painting. You set your camera to long exposure, 20 to 30 seconds or even longer, and use a light source, a flashlight or LED light, to “paint” with it. Most pictures have some kind of magic touch to it because you see only the track of light afterwards and not the actual light source. Light stencils are somewhat related to light painting. It uses the long exposure as well but uses a flash to illuminate a stencil to stamp the motive into the picture.
So you hit the camera trigger, put the light stencil into the scene, hit the flash and move out of the scene as fast as you can. If you do it fast enough, you will be invisible because of the long exposure. Only the stencil will be visible. You can also experiment with more than one stencil for one picture. Even short films have been done already using this technique. Here is a short tutorial on how to build such a light stencil.
To build a light stencil you’ll need:
- A cardboard package (about 25 x 22 x 25 cm)
- A sharp knife
- Aluminium foil
- Black tape
- A cheap flash (e.g. Unomat B 18 DIGI Slave, 9.99€) with a test button
Here are some pictures showing what to do:
First cut off the edges so that the remaining will form a funnel.
Cut a window into one side. I have a frame of about 3 cm on each side but 1 cm at the bottom. You may want to go even lower on the bottom side, because otherwise your stencil will be always floating.
Then use some tape to build the funnel.
Now glue aluminium foil into it to reflect the flash.
I tried to build a kind of envelope out of a clear folder to be able to exchange the stencils easily. That kind of works.
Now, take your favorite super hero or what ever and open it in Gimp or Photoshop. Mask the background and fill it with black. Then print it twice. Use the best settings your printer has to offer. The more ink the better. Especially for the black areas. Align both printouts as perfect as possible and fix them with a bit of tape. Then insert the stencil into the envelope. If the stencil is not big enough, use some black cardboard to build a frame.
Next, setup the camera. Here is how I did it, but maybe there is an easier way. Put a well lit replacement at where you want see the stencil afterwards. Measure the distance with the camera auto focus, then switch to manual focus. Darken the room and check the exposure with you camera. Exposure time should be around 20 to 30 seconds. Use a tripod (of course) and a remote control, if available. Otherwise use the self timer. Put the flashlight into the funnel and turn it on. Now hit the shutter, then put the funnel at the right position, hit the flashlight test button and move out of the picture.
This is one of my first test shots (ISO100, f5.6, 30s). Slightly lightened up with Lightroom.
Here is another one (ISO100, f5, 30s).
Recently I went out to test the light stencil in the wild. It was still very cold, slightly above 0°C. Setting things up was a bit difficult because it was dark (haha!). I used a flashlight to help me measure the distance. I think it would be much easier to do this in a twosome. Anyway, the first test was disappointing. It turns out that my city (Hamburg) is still really bright, even at night. The stencil was almost invisible on the first shots. I managed to compensate it a bit by using different angles and then over exposing them in Lightroom.
The problem is the ratio between ambient light and flash light. I could use a stronger flash next time, but that may also reveal the complete stencil because the stronger flash will most likely shine through the black regions of the stencil. Even now with the weak flash you can almost see the light stencil on some pictures. How to overcome that? Three printouts?
Another thing that I noticed is that sometimes the two printouts are not really close together. That may look like they are out of focus on the picture. I should glue them together, even the inside, not only at the edges.
Next time I would try to use standard format, say A4, for the printout and the envelope to make it easier to experiment with different stencils. Now it’s like print, glue, cut, insert, add a black patch here and so on.
After all it is fun to play with light stencils. The pictures you get are somewhat special.
- More hi-res pictures at Flickr
- Light Stencil Tutorial by Trevor Williams
- Tutorial for light stencils by truemarmelade
About the author: Alex Weber is a professional software freelancer for Android and Java/Web development. In his spare time he likes to build things, learn electronics and plays with Arduinos. His progress can be followed at tinkerlog.