The Devil’s Photography Dictionary


Picture — A representation in two dimensions of something wearisome in three. – Ambrose Bierce

I’m a fan of the satirical and cynical definitions of Ambrose Bierce, first written as a daily newspaper column and later collected in The Devil’s Dictionary. (It was originally called the Cynic’s Word Book, but so many politicians of the day called Bierce a Devil that he felt the new title more appropriate).


Unfortunately, very few of Mr. Bierce’s definitions apply to photography. Seeing a need that should be filled, I immediately began working on a Devil’s Dictionary of Photographic Terms. Hopefully, some of you will join in and help to expand this desperately needed work.

Aberration — Something that is wrong with the lens by design, as opposed to something wrong with the lens by accident of assembly or use.

Action photography — The use of very large, expensive lenses to make rapidly moving objects appear immobile.

Aperture — The opening of a lens, identified by a number that gets larger as it gets smaller.

Autofocus, Phase Detection — A method to approximately put the plane of focus somewhere near an object approximately selected by a point in the viewfinder that approximates the location of a dedicated sensor in the camera which is approximately calibrated to the camera’s image sensor. See also, Depth of Field.

Bokeh — The look of the picture in the parts where you can’t tell what you’re looking at.

Build Quality — How heavy the metal barrel, on the outside of all the important parts of the lens, is. For example, any lens weighing more than 2 pounds has great build quality.

Corner — The edge area of an image, generally known for its lower image quality. It begins at the points furthers from the center of the image and depending upon the equipment and photographer, it comprises between 20% and 100% of the image.

Decentered — An image showing very poor quality, usually considered to be caused by the equipment mounted to the front of the camera, but often caused by what is behind the camera. See also, Sample Variation

Depth of Field — The part of an image that is in best focus, traditionally placed just in front of, or just behind, the subject See also, Autofocus.

Genre — Broad categories of photography such as landscape, action, glamour, wildlife, and portrait, all of which taken together are less common than the most popular genre, the ‘selfie’.

Glamour — A type of photography practiced by many and mastered by few, with the purpose of creating images of creatures not found in nature.

Image Stabilization — A technologic triumph consisting of lenses, magnets, position sensors, springs, and electric motors that is nearly as effective as 3 sticks of wood attached to a base plate. See also, Tripod.

In Spec — Slang term meaning both ‘we can’t make it any better’ and ‘you probably can’t tell the difference anyway.’

Lens coating — Thin layers of substances applied to clear glass that makes it clearer. In the 1600s people would be burned at the stake for claiming things like this.

Minimum Focal Distance — How close an object may be to the front of the lens, yet still be in focus. Historically of importance for macro photography, but today used to make certain arm’s-length ‘Selfies’ are in focus.

Render — From the German ‘Render’. Something an expensive lens is said to do, especially when it doesn’t do anything else exceptionally well.

Sample Variation — The difference between this lens and that lens, even though both of them are the same lens.

Stop Down — To move the f-number up.

Sensor — The device that actually takes an image. Its most important attribute is the number of megapixels unless yours has fewer, in which case dynamic range, high ISO performance, microlens effectiveness, color accuracy, and other characteristics are more notable.

Sharpness — The amount of fine detail visible in an image before it is compressed to 1/10th its original size to post online.

Silence — The response of many wives and at least one camera company when an obvious problem arises.

Technique — The methods that let someone else make pictures I couldn’t afford to buy using equipment that I would throw away, and vice versa.

Tripod — A stabilizing device with three legs that everyone agrees would improve the sharpness of images taken by others. See also, Image Stabilization.

Vignette — A technique used by lens designers to make the image very dark in the places where the lens is very bad, based on the principle that if things are dark enough you won’t notice how bad they are.

Weather resistant — A term that consumers falsely define as ‘weather proof’ and camera companies accurately define as ‘the warranty doesn’t cover water damage.’

Wedding Photography, n. — A complex form of photography consists first of making hysterical people appear calm and joyous, and later making drunk people appear pleasantly tipsy. The purpose is to create a beautiful album of images that statistically has a 54% chance of being ripped into little pieces within 5 years.

Of course, this list of definitions is incomplete so please feel free to add ones I’ve missed as comments. If things go as they usually do with my blog, the comments will end up being more amusing than the original post.

About the author: Roger Cicala is the founder of LensRentals. This article was originally published here.

  • harumph

    I don’t think you understand what satire is.

  • Richard K. Murphy

    “Macro” – a prefix meaning very large. “Macrophotography” – photography of the very small. “Full frame” – the fullest possible sensor size. “Medium format” – a camera with a much larger sensor.

  • Norshan Nusi

    Glamour is very true :P

  • Jason

    That was pretty cynical.

  • Marek Alliksoo

    This is awesome!
    “Stop down” should be in bold.
    Build quality should also apply to cameras.

  • Alan Klughammer

    Photographer – Someone else who produces amazing images using various types of equipment, or someone who collects various types of equipment in the vain hope of producing amazing images.

  • Michael Perkins

    COMPOSITION: A pleasingly balanced arrangement of subjects within the frame, typically achieved by ruthless cropping, elevating a horrible photograph to the status of a mediocre one.

    TEXTURE: Traces of visual noise, grain, or clutter in an image, which are to be regarded by the viewer as ingenious and deliberate artistic choices, especially when they are generated by the photographer’s lack of ability or skill.

    CLOROX TREATMENT: An image of a person taken with on-camera flash at close range, resulting in the “bleaching out” of all color and nuance in said person’s skin tones.

  • Mike

    Lomography- The idea that people would pay more for deliberately damaged photographic equipment in order to mimic the unintended faults of extremely cheap or outdated technology.

  • Mike

    See also, Aberration, Bokeh, Build Quality, Decentered, Render, Sample Variation, Technique, Vignette.

  • Marina Galperina

    Discredited based on the “wife” comment. Lazy sexism.

  • Mike

    Quiet, everyone, don’t speak about certain women displaying a common behavior or you will be labeled by other women!
    Would you like some CREATIVE sexism today, then!? Chill, there was no intention to insult anyone. You can make things look bad all day long but that doesn’t change the truth.

  • Mike

    And welcome to the internet.

  • f800gecko

    Shutter speed: the duration of time required to commit all unanticipated effects, oversights, errors and flaws to a raw image. Related to the variable speed at which an infinite number of these will always arrive at the sensor.

  • sk66

    Landscape photography: The act of using a tripod and standing around for long periods of times. Often includes the use of filters. See Tripod, filters

    Filters: Objects attached to the lens in order to reduce the performance of the lens and camera. see processing filters

    Processing filters: digital filters added to an image during processing in order to make up for a lack of quality. see processing, instagram filters

    Processing: the act of ruining a photograph

    Instagram filters: cool. see creative

    Creative: a term used to make acceptable errors in photography

    Motion blur: the intentional recording of moving objects with a slow shutter speed so that you can’t tell what they are. Not to be confused with camera shake. see camera shake, shutter speed

    Camera shake: blurry images caused by thinking Image stabilization can compensate for poor technique

    Shutter Speed: the ridiculously fast speed at which the shutter moves exposing the sensor to light. Largely irrelevant in P mode. See P mode

    P mode: P stands for professional. This mode is used to take photographs when you have no idea how to take photographs. The opposite of creative modes. see creative modes

    Creative Modes: Camera modes that allow you some control of the exposure for increased creativity. See creative, Manual Mode

    Manual Mode: The absolutely most creative mode unless you actually understand it. Then it’s just exposure control. see creative, exposure

    Exposure: A term describing the look of an image caused by magic.

  • sk66

    Quality: a completely arbitrary term that means nothing. Usually used to describe a lack of something subjective. see subjective

    Subjective: photography, see photographer

    Photographer: someone who owns a camera or other device capable of recording images, see journalist

    Journalist: someone who specializes in the use of a cell phone for photography